According to ABP-Regulation (Animal By-Product Regulation), a biogas plant is one in which biological degradation of products of animal origin is undertaken under anaerobic conditions for the production and collection of biogas. ABP include the bodies of animals, parts of animals or products of animal origin that are not intended for human consumption. A large amount of catering waste and former foodstuffs also fall within the definition of ABP. In the ABP-Regulation animal by-products are divided into 3 categories:
Category 1 contains those materials with the highest risk for public health, animals, or the environment (hygienic risk, risk of BSE, etc.).
Category 3 comprises those animal by-products which would be fit for human consumption, but are (for commercial reasons) not intended for human consumption.
Category 2 includes all animal by-products which cannot be allocated to either Category 1 or Category 3 (e.g. manure or digestive tract content or animals not fit for human consumption).
For manure and catering waste the conditions for approval and for treatment, as well as other criteria for the end product other than for the remaining animal by-products, are defined. Biogas plants which process catering waste or manure can be approved by national rules (pending further EC-legislation).
The use or disposal of ABP is strictly controlled. This is to protect both public and animal health. If you are involved with ABP you must follow all appropriate rules and regulations.
The plant must be registered and approved by the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (DAFF). The digestate of this biogas plant can be considered as “untreated manure” and placed on the national market or applied to land or pasture land. Trade between EU Member States is allowed only with special permission. Hygienic parameters for manure products must be observed for its production and subsequent placing on the market.
The purpose of the document Conditions for approval and operation of biogas plants treating animal by-products in Ireland is to set out the approval and operating conditions required by DAFF for a plant involved in the transformation of animal by-products in Ireland. The requirements apply to a plant involved in the transformation of any feedstock referred to in Section 2 unless otherwise specified.
These conditions do not apply to those plants involved in the transformation of animal by-products which are authorised as an alternative system in accordance with EU Regulation No.197 of 2006 as amended.